HF question pool

(C) 2010 Recreational Aircraft Association of New Zealand
RAANZ, Freepost 102829, PO Box 15-016, Dinsdale 3243, Hamilton

Your exam will be 20 questions randomly drawn from this question pool.

1 In the I'M SAFE personal checklist mnemonic, what does the I stand for?

A

    Instruments

B

    Ignition

C

    Illness

D

    Information

 E

     
2 In the IM SAFE personal checklist mnemonic, what does the M stand for?

A

    Mental state

B

    Medication

C

    Maps

D

    Modifications

 E

     
3 In the I'M SAFE personal checklist mnemonic, what does the S stand for?

A

    Security

B

    Stabiliser

C

    Systems

D

    Stress

 E

     
4 In the I'M SAFE personal checklist mnemonic, what does the A stand for?

A

    Alcohol or drugs

B

    Angle of attack

C

    Attitude

D

    Altitude

 E

     
5 In the I'M SAFE personal checklist mnemonic, what does the F stand for?

A

    Feelings

B

    Fatigue

C

    Flaps

D

    Fuel

 E

     
6 In the I'M SAFE personal checklist mnemonic, what does the E stand for?

A

    Engine

B

    Education

C

    Eject

D

    Eating

 E

     
7 Where is the human vision blind spot?

A

    At the outer edge of vision

B

    Just off the centre of vision

C

    Where the wing obscures the view

D

    The back of your head

 E

     
8 What is the typical time lag from seeing to responding?

A

    Immediate

B

    Less than 1 second

C

    About 7 seconds

D

    About 10 seconds

 E

     
9 The human eye is most sensitive to...

A

    Fixed targets in the centre of vision

B

    Moving targets in the centre of vision

C

    Fixed targets in peripheral vision

D

    Moving targets in peripheral vision

 E

     
10 The 20 degree/2 second rule means...

A

    A sweeping continuous scan covering 20 degrees in 2 seconds

B

    A coordinated turn taking 2 seconds per 20 degrees

C

    The maximum warm-up rate for a water cooled engine

D

    A stepping scan stopping at every 20 degrees for at least 2 seconds

 E

     
11 Where do eyes naturally focus when looking at a featureless sky?

A

    At infinity

B

    3-4 meters distant

C

    At arms length

D

    Extreme close-up

 E

     
12 What are the effects of oxygen deprivation (hypoxia) on vision?

A

    Loss of sharpness

B

    Loss of colour

C

    Loss of peripheral vision

D

    All of the above

 E

     
13 What are the effects of high G forces on vision?

A

    Loss of colour

B

    Loss of peripheral vision

C

    Blurring of vision leading to blackout

D

    All of the above

 E

     
14 What is the best direction to clean or wipe down a canopy for best visibility in sun glint?

A

    Circular motion

B

    Horizontal motion

C

    Vertical motion

D

    Doesn't matter

 E

     
15 At what altitudes do the effects of oxygen deprivation become significant?

A

    Noticeable above 8000ft, critical above 10000ft

B

    Noticeable above 10000ft, critical above 30000tf

C

    At any altitude above sea level

D

    Not apparent at any altitude a microlight can fly at.

 E

     
16 What are the general symptoms of hypoxia?

A

    Euphoria, loss of judgment, fuzzy thinking.

B

    Loss of colour, peripheral and perception in vision

C

    Clumsiness, physical tremors

D

    All of the above

 E

     
17 What should you do if you suspect hypoxia while flying at altitude?

A

    Put cabin ventilation on full

B

    Wait until you are acclimatised at your altitude

C

    Trim for a rapid but controlled descent

D

    Apply full cabin heat.

 E

     
18 What are the causes of hyperventilation?

A

    High altitude flying

B

    Anxiety, pain, motion sickness, G loading

C

    Lack of sleep

D

    Excessive cabin ventilation

 E

     
19 What are the symptoms of hyperventilation?

A

    Rapid pulse

B

    Dizziness, faintness, unreal feelings

C

    Clumsiness, physical tremors

D

    All of the above

 E

     
20 What are some effects of pressure change on the body during ascent?

A

    Discomfort in the gut

B

    Sinus pain

C

    Tooth pain

D

    All of the above

 E

     
21 What are some effects of pressure change on the body during descent?

A

    Discomfort in the gut

B

    Sinus pain

C

    Ear pain

D

    Tooth pain

 E

     
22 You are descending, and one of your passengers experiences ear pain. You should...

A

    Get them to sea level as quickly as possible

B

    Reduce your descent rate, get them to flex their jaw, chew gum, or pinch their nose and blow

C

    Get them to breathe into a paper bag

D

    Put cabin ventilation on full

 E

     
23 You have a passenger wanting to fly after scuba diving. What should you do?

A

    Get them to bring an air tank along in case of hypoxia

B

    Fly below 8000ft

C

    Tell him/her to come back tomorrow

D

    Not a problem

 E

     
24 What are the symptoms of dehydration?

A

    Headache and nausea

B

    Poor coordination and concentration

C

    Drowsiness and confusion

D

    All of the above

 E

     
25 You are about to do a 2 hour cross-country. How much water should you take to drink during the flight to avoid dehydration?

A

    A cup of coffee before you go is all you need

B

    1 liter (500mls per hour)

C

    2 liters (1 liter per hour)

D

    A good drink on arrival is all you need

 E

     
26 What are the symptoms of overcooling or hypothermia?

A

    Uncontrolled shivering and clumsiness

B

    Irrational behaviour

C

    Lack of energy

D

    All of the above

 E

     
27 What are some typical symptoms of stress when flying?

A

    Forgetting important tasks

B

    Irritability

C

    Unsafe or dangerous flying

D

    All of the above

 E

     
28 What is the typical level of G forces above which the body is affected?

A

    1G

B

    2.5G

C

    5G

D

    10G

 E

     
29 What angle of bank in a turn can exert G forces beyond the body's ability to compensate?

A

    Straight and level (1G)

B

    Rate 1 turn

C

    60 degrees (2G)

D

    About 65 degrees (2.5G)

 E

     
30 What is the recommended 'bottle to throttle' time?

A

    4 hours

B

    overnight

C

    12 hours

D

    once the headache and double vision clears

 E

     
31 You are about to do a cross-country in an open cockpit aircraft. What are the major human factors you should consider?

A

    Hypoxia from high altitude flight

B

    Dehydration and hypothermia

C

    The bends

D

    All of the above

 E

     
32 You are about to do a flight over Mt Ruapehu. What major human factors should you consider?

A

    Hypoxia from high altitude flight

B

    Hypothermia

C

    Pressure change effects

D

    All of the above

 E

     
33 You are flying at altitude, it's cold, cabin heat is on, and notice that your concentration is drifting off. What is the likely cause of this?

A

    Carbon monoxide from the exhaust leaking into the cabin

B

    Hypoxia from high altitude flight

C

    Hypothermia from low termperatures

D

    Any of the above

 E

     
34 What is a good antidote to the anti-authority (the rules don't apply to me) attitude?

A

    They are the rules- you must obey them.

B

    Fine - it's your choice.

C

    They do apply- they are based on the combined wisdom and experience of others.

D

    Make sure you don't get caught.

 E

     
35 What is a good antidote to the impulsive (I must act now) attitude?

A

    Take your time- do your planning, do your checks, think it through.

B

    Hurry up- others are waiting for you.

C

    If your number is up- it is up.

D

    Any decision is better than no decision.

 E

     
36 What is a good antidote to the invulnerability (it can't happen to me) attitude?

A

    It probably won't.

B

    If your number is up- it is up.

C

    If you obey the rules it won't.

D

    It can- you are not bullet proof.

 E

     
37 What is a good antidote to the macho (look how good I am) attitude?

A

    Don't be a show-off.

B

    Professionalism is what counts and lasts.

C

    Dude!

D

    So what- I can do that too.

 E

     
38 What is a good antidote to the resignation (I must stick to the plan) attitude?

A

    Have a Plan B, maybe a Plan C...and use them if necessary.

B

    Follow the plan.

C

    Quick, make a decision.

D

    Follow your mates- they know what they are doing.

 E

     
39 What is a good antidote to the deference (it must be OK if you say so) attitude?

A

    Test and stretch your boundaries.

B

    Fly within your own competencies and skills.

C

    Follow the decisions of others with more experience than you. If it's OK for them , it will be for y

D

    You aren't learning unless you are pushing your limits.

 E

     
40 What is a good antidote to the denial (it's not as bad as it looks) attitude?

A

    Stick with your plan.

B

    If it looks bad, it probably is.

C

    Don't let anything get in the way of your goals.

D

    Carry on and see if it gets any better.

 E

     
41 What is a good antidote to the get-home-itis attitude?

A

    Do not get cornered by commitments- no 'have to' flights.

B

    Tell your passenger you will do everything you can to get through.

C

    Always plan for an hour of slack in case you get delayed enroute.

D

    Plan your flights to leave early in the morning.

 E

     
42 That's a dumb rule- nobody tells me what I can't do' is an example of what hazardous attitude?

A

    Anti-authority

B

    Impulsive

C

    Invulnerable

D

    Macho

 E

     
43 Quick, do something...anything' is an example of what hazardous attitude?

A

    Anti-authority

B

    Impulsive

C

    Invulnerable

D

    Macho

 E

     
44 I'll be OK- I can handle this even if you can't' is an example of what hazardous attitude?

A

    Anti-authority

B

    Impulsive

C

    Invulnerable

D

    Macho

 E

     
45 Look how good I am' is an example of what hazardous attitude?

A

    Anti-authority

B

    Impulsive

C

    Invulnerable

D

    Macho

 E

     
46 'If your number is up....it's upl' is an example of what hazardous attitude?

A

    Resignation

B

    Deference

C

    Denial

D

    Get-there-itis

 E

     
47 'My mates are going, so I might as wel'? is an example of what hazardous attitude?

A

    Resignation

B

    Deference

C

    Denial

D

    Get-there-itis

 E

     
48 It's not that bad, I'm going anyway' is an example of what hazardous attitude?

A

    Resignation

B

    Deference

C

    Denial

D

    Get-there-itis

 E

     
49 It's marginal, but I promised them I would' is an example of what hazardous attitude?

A

    Resignation

B

    Deference

C

    Denial

D

    Get-there-itis

 E