FRTO question pool

(C) 2010 Recreational Aircraft Association of New Zealand
RAANZ, Freepost 102829, PO Box 15-016, Dinsdale 3243, Hamilton

Your exam will be 40 questions randomly drawn from this question pool.

1 Which is the preferred method of communicating on the radio?

A

    Just talk normally

B

    Use standard phraseology

C

    Explain in great detail

D

     

 E

     
2 Why should standard phraseology be used?

A

    It sounds professional

B

    So non-pilots won't understand what you are saying

C

    To minimise confusion and misunderstanding

D

    To keep your transmissions short

 E

     
3 Are you required to use the word 'hectopascals'' when giving pressure settings?

A

    Yes

B

    No

C

     

D

     

 E

     
4 When may you use the word 'immediately'?

A

    Only when immediate action is required for safety reasons

B

    When you want priority to do something

C

    When you want to break into an RTF conversation

D

     

 E

     
5 What should you check before using the radio?

A

    That your radio on on the correct frequency

B

    That your receiver volume is set at optimum level

C

    That your transmission will not interfere with another station

D

    All of the above

 E

     
6 How can you check your radio is set to the correct frequency?

A

    Check the frequency display on the radio

B

    Call 'Any stations- are you there?' on the radio

C

    Listen for traffic on the radio

D

    A and C, but not B

 E

     
7 How can you check that your receiver is set at optimum level?

A

    Set the volume control to a known good position

B

    Turn the squelch off, adjust the background noise so you can hear it, then reset the squelch

C

    Listen for other calls and adjust the volume as required

D

    Any of the above

 E

     
8 How can you reduce the chance of your transmission interfering with another station?

A

    Listen and wait until any existing calls are completed

B

    Say 'break, break, break' before your call

C

    Turn your squelch up to cancel their transmission

D

     

 E

     
9 Which of the following microphone techniques are correct?

A

    Do not turn your head away from the microphone while talking

B

    Do not touch the microphone with your lips

C

    Do not hold the microphone boom while talking

D

    All of the above

 E

     
10 What is the correct method for transmitting?

A

    Momentarily click the PTT and speak

B

    Press the PTT, short pause, speak while holding down the PTT, short pause, then release the PTT

C

    Press the PTT while speaking, release between sentences in case someone else is trying to transmit

D

     

 E

     
11 What is the purpose of the short pause between pressing the mic button and speaking?

A

    To give you time to think what to say

B

    To give the receiving station time to get ready to write down your transmission

C

    To give your radio time to stabilise in transmit mode, and for a receiving station to unsquelch

D

     

 E

     
12 What does a stuck microphone from another station generally sound like?

A

    Continuous quiet

B

    Continuous whistle

C

    Continuous background noise and/or conversation

D

     

 E

     
13 What might alert you to a stuck microphone on your radio?

A

    No other radio traffic is heard

B

    Continuous whistle

C

    Continuous background noise and/or conversation

D

     

 E

     
14 What are the checks to detect or prevent a stuck mic?

A

    Check the transmit indicator is not continuously on

B

    Check the mic button is not pressed or jammed down

C

    Check you can hear other traffic on your radio

D

    All of the above

 E

     
15 VHF is basically a 'line of sight' communications system?

A

    True

B

    False

C

     

D

     

 E

     
16 The lower your altitude the further and stronger your VHF transmissions will be received?

A

    True

B

    False

C

    Makes no difference

D

     

 E

     
17 When you transmit you stop all others from transmitting on the same frequency?

A

    True

B

    False

C

     

D

     

 E

     
18 You are tuned to a distant ATIS broadcast. The ATIS is only being partially received in a broken patchy manner but is otherwise readable. Which control is most likely to improve reception?

A

    Tune the receiver plus or minus 0.025 MHZ each side of the published frequency.

B

    Transmit on the same frequency for short bursts and then listen

C

    Adjust / use the squelch control so the radio produces continuous audio output.

D

    Turn off as much of the aircraft's electrical equipment as possible

 E

     
19 You are concerned because you have not heard any radio transmissions for a long period of time. You suspect that you may have a stuck mike. Which of the following answers would NOT be useful?

A

    Checking the transmit light/indicator on your radio

B

    Briefly changing to a known continuous transmission (AWIB or ATIS) and checking that you can receive

C

    Use the squelch to verify that your radio will output audio

D

    Tune the radio to the emergency frequency 121.5 and listen.

 E

    Check your PTT is not jammed on
20 You are operating at an uncontrolled airfield with other aircraft in the circuit. The frequency is 119.1. From time to time you receive a silent radio transmission that has no speech.

A

    Transmit a message stating 'Aircraft transmitting on 119.1 carrier only received'.

B

    Adjust your squelch to better receive the silent transmission.

C

    Turn your volume up to maximum.

D

    Check for traffic directly behind you as this is a condition known as tail feather radio fade

 E

     
21 You are attempting to call ATS for taxi instructions. You have called several times and have heard no other transmissions

A

    Use the squelch control to verify you can hear your radio through your speaker/intercom/headset.

B

    Check that your headset/microphone is correctly connected, and your intercom is working

C

    Check that the radio is turned on and that the volume is correctly set.

D

    Transmit on the ATS frequency 'XYZ request radio check , suspect I am not receiving"

 E

    All of the above
22 You are operating at an uncontrolled airfield with other traffic. A transmission starts but changes from readable speech to a series of squeals.

A

    Turn the volume of your radio down

B

    Ignore it- you are in the circuit so other radio traffic won't concern you

C

    Adjust you squelch so that only correct transmissions are received.

D

    Transmit a message as soon as possible stating 'Two stations at once'

 E

     
23 You are in flight, your radio has been working fine, you change frequency to call ATS, and can't raise them. What check should you first consider?

A

    Check your squelch setting

B

    Check to see if the transmit indicator is active when you press PTT

C

    Check the frequency you selected

D

    All of the above

 E

     
24 You are in flight, your radio and intercom has been working fine, you and your co-pilot agree for him to take over the radio calls for a while, but he can't raise ATS. What actions should you consider

A

    Check the intercom is set to give the co-pilot radio authority

B

    Swap headsets and see if he can raise ATS on the previously working headset

C

    Revert to pilot handling the radio calls and sort the problem out later

D

    All of the above

 E

     
25 What is the correct phraseology to report a heading of 300 degrees?

A

    heading tree zero

B

    heading tree hundred

C

    heading tree zero zero

D

    tree zero zero degrees

 E

     
26 What is the correct phraseology to report a wind of 100 degrees at 5 knots?

A

    wind wun zero zero degrees fife knots

B

    wind wun hundred degrees fife knots

C

    wind wun zero zero at fife knots

D

     

 E

     
27 What is the correct phraseology to report a runway designator 06R?

A

    runway six right

B

    runway zero six right

C

    runway zero six romeo

D

     

 E

     
28 What is the correct phraseology to report an altimeter setting of 1020 hPa?

A

    wun tousand twenty hectopascals

B

    QNH wun tousand twenty

C

    QNH wun zero two zero

D

    wun zero two zero hectopascals

 E

     
29 What is the correct phraseology to report an altitude of 2500 feet?

A

    two fife zero zero feet

B

    two tousand fife hundred feet

C

    twenty fife hundred feet

D

    altitude two tousand fife hundred

 E

     
30 What is the correct phraseology to report an frequency of 119.1 MHz?

A

    wun wun niner wun

B

    wun wun niner daycimal wun

C

    wun wun niner point wun

D

     

 E

     
31 What are the rules for transmission of time?

A

    Pronounce each digit separately

B

    Include the hour if any possibility of confusion

C

    UTC must be used

D

    All of the above

 E

     
32 The time is now 1530. How should you transmit a time of 1545?

A

    four fife

B

    one fife four fife

C

     

D

     

 E

     
33 The time is now 1530. How should you transmit a time of 1645?

A

    four fife

B

    one six four fife

C

     

D

     

 E

     
34 You are on final in ABC, the tower calls 'alpha bravo charlie cleared to land, BREAK BREAK, xray yankee zulu go around'. What does this mean?

A

    The tower is breaking into a radio transmission from another aircraft

B

    The tower is identifying the separation between messages to two different aircraft

C

    The tower is trying to attract the attention of xray yankee zulu

D

     

 E

     
35 You are given advice of other traffic from the tower followed by 'acknowledge'. How should you respond?

A

    Say nothing, but watch out for the traffic

B

    Reply with either 'looking for traffic' or 'traffic in sight'.

C

    Wait for the other traffic to acknowledge the transmission

D

     

 E

     
36 You call the tower during a very busy period and they reply with 'standby'. How should you respond?

A

    Give up and go somewhere else

B

    Wait till the current transmission is finished and call again

C

    Wait until the tower calls you back

D

    Wait until the tower calls you back, but if there is a prolonged quiet period, call them again

 E

     
37 The tower gives you your takeoff clearance, including runway, departure track and altitude. How should you respond?

A

    Say 'roger' and take off and depart as cleared

B

    Say 'wilco' and take off and depart as cleared

C

    Read back your clearance and take off and depart as cleared

D

    Say 'affirmative' and take off and depart as cleared

 E

     
38 I SAY AGAIN' means...

A

    You repeat your transmission for emphasis to the receiver

B

    The receiver asks you to repeat your message

C

    That you want a transmission repeated

D

    A third party asks you to repeat your message

 E

     
39 ACKNOWLEDGE' means...

A

    The transmitter station is asking you to advise your location

B

    The transmitter is asking you to confirm that you have received and understood his message

C

    The transmitter is saying he has understood your message

D

    A third party asks you to repeat your message

 E

     
40 ROGER' means...

A

    I have received your last message

B

    I understand and will carry out your instructions

C

    I will await your next call

D

    You are talking to Roger

 E

     
41 WILCO' means...

A

    I have received your message

B

    Get back to me as soon as possible

C

    I have received your message and will comply

D

    I will come to your assistance

 E

     
42 OVER' means...

A

    I have received a message and will comply

B

    I have finished my transmission and await your reply

C

    I have finished my transmission

D

    Is not used

 E

     
43 STANDBY' means...

A

    Wait and I will call you

B

    Go to an alternative frequency and I will call you

C

    Go to your alternative power supply system

D

    Go to your reserve tanks

 E

     
44 Your Tecnam aircraft registration is ZK-ABC. How should you first identify yourself?

A

    zulu kilo alfa bravo charlie'

B

    alfa bravo charlie''

C

    bravo charlie'

D

    'Tecnam alfa bravo charlie', and on subsequent communications 'alfa bravo charlie'

 E

     
45 You are flying a low performance microlight ZK-XYZ into an airfield where ATS do not know you and your aircraft. On call to the tower, how should you first identify yourself?

A

    xray yankee zulu' just like any other aircraft

B

    microlight xray yankee zulu'

C

    Identify yourself as a 'low performance microlight xray yankee zulu' to assist the tower to sequence

D

     

 E

     
46 You miss the QNH that the tower gave you in your clearance. How should you respond?

A

    Say nothing and keep your current QNH setting until you hear it given to another aircraft

B

    Respond with 'say again QNH'

C

    Read back the clearance you understood, and finish with 'say again QNH'

D

     

 E

     
47 You make a mistake reporting your altitude. How should you correct it?

A

    If you recognise the mistake while saying it, say 'correction' and then the correct altitude

B

    If you recognise the mistake later in the transmission, say 'correction, altitude' and the altitude

C

    If recognised after the transmission, call again callsign, 'correction, altitude' and altitude

D

    All of the above

 E

     
48 What is the correct form when making calls on a common frequency (eg 119.1)?

A

    Flyville traffic' then your callsign, position and intent

B

    Flyville traffic', your callsign, position and intent, then 'Flyville traffic'

C

    Your callsign, position and intent, then 'Flyville traffic'

D

     

 E

     
49 You are instructed to contact XYZ Tower on 123.4. How should you respond?

A

    Change frequency and call XYZ tower

B

    Respond with 'changing wun two tree daycimal four', change frequency and contact XYZ tower

C

    Respond with 'roger',change frequency and contact XYZ tower

D

     

 E

     
50 You are ready for departure, waiting at your holding point, and the Tower gives you your departure clearance (track, altitude, QNH) but does not say 'cleared for take-off'. Are you cleared?

A

    Yes, this is implicit in your departure clearance

B

    No. You are not cleared until specifically told 'cleared for take-off'.

C

     

D

     

 E

     
51 You are unable to follow the track or altitude clearance given due to a patch of bad weather. How should you respond?

A

    Call 'unable to maintain track/altitude due weather' and suggest a suitable track or altitude

B

    Continue as cleared

C

    Divert as required with no further reference to ATS

D

     

 E

     
52 You are cleared to line up behind a landing aircraft. How should you respond?

A

    Do as instructed

B

    Readback your clearance, identify the aircraft, and line up behind it

C

     

D

     

 E

     
53 What should all readbacks finish with?

A

    Your aircraft callsign

B

    The QNH

C

    The ATS unit callsign

D

     

 E

     
54 Which ATC clearances MUST be readback?

A

    Only those requested by ATS

B

    Only those for IFR flights

C

    All bar some minor exceptions

D

     

 E

     
55 Which VFR clearances require readback?

A

    All clearances within controlled airspace

B

    Entering the circuit

C

    Vacating the circuit

D

    Operations in the maneuvering area of a controlled airfield

 E

     
56 How should you respond to a message that does not require a readback?

A

    Nothing is required

B

    Respond with your callsign

C

     

D

     

 E

     
57 You are given traffic information by ATS, and can see the aircraft. How should you respond?

A

    Copied the traffic' and callsign

B

    Looking for traffic' and callsign

C

    Traffic in sight' and callsign

D

     

 E

     
58 You are given traffic information by ATS, but cannot see the aircraft. How should you respond?

A

    Copied the traffic' and callsign

B

    Looking for traffic' and callsign

C

    Traffic in sight' and callsign

D

     

 E

     
59 What should be included in a radio check call?

A

    Station being called, callsign

B

    Station being called, callsign, 'radio check'

C

    Station being called, callsign, 'radio check', frequency

D

     

 E

     
60 With a radio check, what is best (1 or 5), and what is the minimum useful level?

A

    1 best, 3 and above useful

B

    1 best, 5 and above useful

C

    5 best, 3 and above useful

D

    5 best, 5 only useful

 E

     
61 You are cleared to enter the control, zone at 1500ft. What should your response be?

A

    roger'

B

    wilco'

C

    cleared to enter the zone, wun tousand fife hundred feet' followed by callsign

D

    copy that'

 E

     
62 What are the essential elements of a position report?

A

    Position

B

    Altitude

C

    Callsign

D

    All of the above

 E

     
63 Which are the acceptable methods of position reporting?

A

    Abeam a point

B

    Overhead a point

C

    Distance and bearing from a point

D

    B or C, but not A

 E

     
64 You have made a position call to a Control Tower and as part of that stated you are 10 miles south of the field. As you finish your transmission and realise you are actually 30 miles south, you call..

A

    sorry tower, I am 30 miles out, not 10'

B

    correction tree zero miles south

C

    tower, that should read tree zero miles

D

     

 E

     
65 You are about to request clearance to enter transponder mandatory (TM) airspace, but are '''not''' transponder equipped. what should you include in your clearance request?

A

    Nothing- they will know you have no transponder from their radar screen

B

    negative transponder'

C

    You are NOT permitted to enter TM airspace without a transponder

D

     

 E

     
66 What should be included in a taxi clearance request?

A

    Location on airfield and intentions

B

    Persons on board and fuel endurance

C

    ATIS and QNH (if applicable)

D

    All of the above

 E

     
67 You have been cleared to a holding point that requires you to cross a grass strip, but ATS have not explicitly cleared you to cross the strip. What should you do?

A

    Your taxi clearance implicitly includes clearance across the strip

B

    Proceed at your own discretion

C

    Request clearance to cross the strip

D

     

 E

     
68 You have completed your run-up and pre take-off checks at your assigned holding point, and are ready for take-off in XYZ. What should you do?

A

    Taxi onto the runway and line up and hold, and wait for take-off clearance

B

    Call 'xray yankee zulu ready' and wait for further clearance

C

     

D

     

 E

     
69 If you are cleared for '''immediate''' take-off what must you do?

A

    Expedite your take-off safely but with the minimum of delay

B

    Takeoff right now

C

     

D

     

 E

     
70 You have to abort take-off due to a rough running engine. What should you do?

A

    Vacate the runway and taxi back to the holding point

B

    Backtrack on the runway back to the holding point

C

    Call 'aborting take-off due engine problems, request clearance to taxi back to (club)'

D

     

 E

     
71 You are cleared via a standard departure but are unfamiliar with that departure and do not have the appropriate plate to hand. what should you do?

A

    Follow another departing aircraft cleared on the same departure

B

    Request a return to the (club) to get the relevant plate

C

    Advise the tower you are unfamiliar with standard departures and request plain language instructions

D

     

 E

     
72 You are cleared to depart the zone via Pukenui, 1500 feet or below, and to call clearing the zone. What should your readback be?

A

    cleared via Pukenui, xray yankee zulu'

B

    Wilco, xray yankee zulu'

C

    'cleared via Pukenui, 1500 feet or below, will call clear, xray yankee zulu'

D

     

 E

     
73 You are cleared via a specific sector, but your preferred track includes another sector. When can you cross into the other sector?

A

    You may not without specific clearance

B

    Once clear of the circuit

C

    Once clear of the control zone

D

     

 E

     
74 How far out should you call for joining instructions or clearance to enter a control zone?

A

    Just as you enter the zone

B

    You may not without having previously filed a flight plan

C

    To allow sufficient time for ATS to assess the VFR and IFR traffic and issue you a clearance

D

     

 E

     
75 You have asked for clearance, but have not received it by the time you reach the edge of the control zone. What should you do?

A

    Continue into the zone as you have made initial contact, they know where you are and that you are co

B

    Follow the current standard arrival procedures

C

    You may not enter the control zone without clearance- orbit until clearance is received

D

     

 E

     
76 You are cleared via a standard arrival but are unfamiliar with that arrival and do not have the appropriate plate to hand. What should you do?

A

    Follow another arriving aircraft cleared on the same arrival

B

    Go away

C

    Advise the tower you are unfamiliar with standard arrivals and request plain language instructions

D

     

 E

     
77 You are cleared to join left base for runway 03, number 2 to a C172 you can see on final. How should you respond?

A

    'join left base runway zero three', callsign

B

    'cleared to land zero three', callsign

C

    'Join left base zero tree, number two, traffic in sight', callsign

D

     

 E

     
78 At what position should you call 'downwind'?

A

    On entering the downwind leg

B

    Midway down the downwind leg

C

    Abeam the downwind end of the runway

D

    Abeam the upwind end of the runway

 E

     
79 The RTF traffic is busy and you can't get your downwind call in till well downwind. What should you do?

A

    Call 'downwind' as normal

B

    Too late, call turning base

C

    Call 'late downwind' as soon as you can

D

     

 E

     
80 You are late downwind and ATS ask you to orbit right to allow another aircraft to land. How should you respond?

A

    Do as asked, they have you in sight

B

    call 'orbiting right' and callsign, and enter a moderate right hand orbit

C

    call 'orbiting right' and callsign, and enter a max rate right hand orbit

D

     

 E

     
81 You are late downwind and ATS ask you to make an immediate short approach to land well ahead of another aircraft in circuit. How should you respond?

A

    short approach' and callsign, and turn into a tight base leg

B

    Turn into a tight base leg as the tower will see your response

C

     

D

     

 E

     
82 You are on short finals and have not yet received 'cleared to land'. What should you do?

A

    Continue to land, as you are in circuit and have already made contact

B

    Apply power and go round

C

    Call 'short finals' and callsign and wait for clearance, otherwise prepare to go round

D

     

 E

     
83 You are on long final and the tower calls you advising 'wind shear'. What should you do?

A

    Blip your microphone

B

    Acknowledge with your callsign and make a cautious approach with increased airspeed

C

    Go around

D

     

 E

     
84 You are on finals and you experience significant wind shear. What should you do?

A

    Continue and land

B

    Go around

C

    Land or go around as appropriate, and advise the tower of wind shear

D

     

 E

     
85 You are on long final and the tower calls you advising 'caution, wake turbulence departing aircraft'. What should you do?

A

    Acknowledge with your callsign and try to land short

B

    Decide if it is safe to land and advise the tower of your intentions

C

    Go around

D

     

 E

     
86 You are holding for take-off and the tower clears you advising 'caution, wake turbulence'. What should you do?

A

    Acknowledge and take off as cleared

B

    Hold until the wake turbulence has had a chance to clear, and advise the tower

C

    A or B at your discretion

D

     

 E

     
87 You are on finals and you experience significant wake turbulence. What should you do?

A

    Continue and land

B

    Go around

C

    Land or go around as appropriate, and advise the tower of wake turbulence

D

     

 E

     
88 You are on final with an aircraft landing ahead. The tower calls advising you to 'go around'. What should your response be?

A

    Apply power, establish positive climb, and acknowledge 'going around' with callsign

B

    Acknowledge 'going around' with callsign then apply power and climb out

C

    Continue approach in case the aircraft clears the runway in time

D

     

 E

     
89 You are on short finals, but uncomfortable with your approach and cross-wind conditions. What should you do?

A

    Continue approach to see if conditions improve

B

    Call 'going around' with callsign, apply power and go around for another attempt

C

    Ask the tower for advice

D

     

 E

     
90 You have landed at a controlled airfield and slowed to taxi speed. How should you vacate the runway?

A

    Vacate the runway as soon as you believe it can be done safely

B

    Wait for clearance from the tower, then acknowledge and taxi as cleared

C

    Backtrack up the runway to the holding point

D

     

 E

     
91 ATS ask you to 'squawk 6400'. How should you respond?

A

    Set your transponder to 6400 and press the ident button

B

    From now on reply as six four zero zero

C

    Set your altimeter to 6400

D

    Set your transponder to 6400 and reply 'six four zero zero' and your callsign

 E

     
92 ATS ask you to 'squawk ident'. How should you respond?

A

    Reply with your callsign

B

    Reply with your current squawk code and callsign

C

    Press the ident button on your transponder and reply with your callsign

D

    Set your transponder to 'ident'

 E

     
93 ATS ask you to 'confirm squawk 6400'. How should you respond?

A

    Reply with your callsign, 'squawking six four zero zero'

B

    From now on reply as six four zero zero

C

    Set your altimeter to 6400

D

    Check your transponder is set to 6400 and reply with your callsign, 'squawking six four zero zero'

 E

     
94 Choose the answer that correctly describes how you would set an assigned squawk code enroute.

A

    Select Mode A (On), select the code, select Mode C (Alt)

B

    Press the ident, select the code, press the ident

C

    Select Mode to Standby, select the code, select Mode C (Alt)

D

    D Turn the unit off, press ident, select the code, select Mode A (on)

 E

     
95 You are requested by the tower to squawk ident. Select the answer that correctly describes how you should manipulate the transponder.

A

    Select Mode A (On), Press Ident

B

    Press Ident

C

    C Select Standby, Press Ident

D

    D Press Ident, Select Mode A (On)

 E

     
96 You have a MAYDAY situation and have a transponder. You should set it to...

A

    7500

B

    0000

C

    7700

D

    7600

 E

     
97 ATC ask you to 'squawk ident' You should...

A

    Call ATC and tell them who you are

B

    Transmit your call sign

C

    Push the 'IDENT 'button on your transponder

D

    nothing

 E

     
98 Your transponder is set to 'ALT'. It will transmit...

A

    Altitude

B

    Altitude and code

C

    Speed and heading

D

    Heading and altitude

 E

     
99 At what point should you call asking for clearance to enter controlled airspace?

A

    As you enter controlled airspace

B

    10 minutes in advance of entering controlled airspace

C

    In sufficient time to allow ATC to assess the traffic situation and issue a clearance

D

    On your flight plan

 E

     
100 You are about to enter controlled airspace, but have not yet received clearance from ATS. What should you do?

A

    Continue into controlled airspace as per flight plan

B

    Orbit outside controlled airspace until you have received clearance

C

    Press ident on your transponder

D

    Broadcast your intentions as you enter

 E

     
101 What should you include in your request to enter controlled airspace?

A

    Current position and altitude

B

    Clearance being requested

C

    ATIS information received

D

    All of the above

 E

     
102 How is transponder mandatory airspace indicated on an aeronautical navigation chart?

A

    All controlled airspace is transponder mandatory unless marked otherwise

B

    All airspace above 1500AGL is transponder mandatory

C

    TM' in bold after the height indications

D

     

 E

     
103 The airspace around an airfield is marked SFC/5000 and (1500/5000 TM). What does that mean?

A

    The airspace extends from surface to 5000ft and is all transponder mandatory

B

    The airspace extends from surface to 5000ft, and is transponder mandatory from 1500ft to 5000ft.

C

    The airspace extends from surface to 5000ft, and is transponder mandatory from surface to 1500ft.

D

    The airspace from surface to 5000ft is not transponder mandatory,

 E

     
104 You wish to enter transponder mandatory airspace, but do not have a transponder. What should you do?

A

    You may not enter transponder mandatory airspace under any circumstances. Stay away.

B

    You may enter the airspace broadcasting your position and altitude at regular intervals.

C

    You may enter at the discretion of ATC- declare you are not transponder equipped

D

     

 E

     
105 ATS have asked you to call clearing their airspace. You are about to clear, what should you do?

A

    Advise callsign, position, altitude

B

    Advise 'clearing your airspace'

C

    Advise the frequency you are changing to

D

    All of the above

 E

     
106 What services does an aerodrome flight information service (AFIS) provide?

A

    Met conditions, runway in use, and traffic information only

B

    All the above plus takeoff and landing instructions

C

    Traffic information only

D

     

 E

     
107 In general, how should you treat an airfield serviced with AFIS?

A

    As an uncontrolled airfield with limited traffic information provided

B

    As an uncontrolled airfield with limited traffic control provided

C

    As a controlled airfield with limited traffic control provided

D

    As a controlled airfield during the hours of AFIS service

 E

     
108 At an airfield with AFIS, what is the general sequence of calls during taxi and takeoff?

A

    Pilot declares taxiing, AFIS provides weather/runway/traffic information, pilot decides and declares

B

    Pilot declares taxiing, AFIS provides weather/runway/traffic information and takeoff instructions

C

    There is no requirement to call- AFIS is there as an aid if asked

D

     

 E

     
109 At an airfield with AFIS, what is the general sequence of calls for joining and landing?

A

    All calls as if at a fully controlled airfield, with AFIS providing joining/landing instructions

B

    All calls as if at an uncontrolled airfield, with AFIS providing weather/runway/traffic information

C

     

D

     

 E

     
110 When should you make your calls in a mandatory broadcast zone (MBZ)?

A

    On entry and departure only

B

    On entry, every 5 minutes, and on departure

C

    On entry, and at intervals as indicated on the aeronautical charts

D

    At key points in circuit (takeoff, downwind, finals, landing) only

 E

     
111 Where are the recommended intervals for MBZ broadcasts found?

A

    Broadcast intervals are at the pilots discretion only

B

    On the MBZ AWIB broadcast

C

    On the aeronautical charts

D

    In the VFG

 E

     
112 What services does a UNICOM provide?

A

    Limited known traffic and weather information on request

B

    Met conditions, runway in use, traffic information and joining procedure

C

    Limited traffic and weather information for taxiing and joining

D

    Runway in use and wind information only

 E

     
113 What are the general rules for operation at a UNICOM equipped airfield?

A

    Treat it as a controlled airfield

B

    Treat UNICOM as an AFIS when attended

C

    Treat it is an uncontrolled airfield, with limited information available from UNICOM on request

D

    treat is as a controlled airfield when UNICOM is attended

 E

     
114 Is a radio mandatory for a VFR Special Procedures Area?

A

    Yes

B

    No

C

     

D

     

 E

     
115 What should you do if radio traffic is very busy in a Special Procedures Area?

A

    Do not enter until the traffic has thinned out

B

    Keep your transmissions concise

C

    Call 'break, break, break' to get your transmission through

D

    Keep quiet and fly as if NORDO

 E

     
116 In general, what frequency is used for unattended airfields?

A

    123.45

B

    133.375

C

    119.1

D

    Christchurch Information

 E

     
117 What general rule should you follow for your radio calls at unattended fields?

A

    Use standard phraseology and be concise

B

    Talk quickly to reduce airtime and RTF clutter

C

    Call at every point in the circuit to ensure other aircraft know where you are

D

     

 E

     
118 Should 119.1 be used as a general chat channel?

A

    Yes- it is the accepted aircraft to aircraft frequency to use

B

    No- it is specifically for use at unattended fields, and needs to be kept for that purpose

C

     

D

     

 E

     
119 When should calls be made on arrival at an unattended airfield?

A

    About 3-5 miles out

B

    Finals

C

    Joining downwind

D

    All of the above

 E

     
120 What is the correct format when calling at an unattended airfield?

A

    Flyville traffic, callsign, message, Flyville traffic'

B

    Flyville traffic, callsign, message'

C

    callsign, message, Flyville traffic'

D

    callsign, Flyville traffic, message, Flyville traffic'

 E

     
121 When should calls be made on departure from an unattended airfield?

A

    Taxiing

B

    Lining up /rolling

C

    Vacating the airfield pattern

D

    All of the above

 E

     
122 You are in circuit at an unattended airfield, and have been making regular position reports. You hear a new aircraft report 5 miles out for joining. What should you do?

A

    Continue in circuit and make your usual position reports

B

    Keep quiet to leave the frequency clear for him

C

    Report your current position and intentions so he knows where you are and what you are doing

D

     

 E

     
123 How can you tell there is '''no''' NORDO traffic operating at an unattended airfield?

A

    There are no radio calls

B

    There is no background aircraft engine noise at the field

C

    There is no NORDO traffic in sight

D

    You can't be sure. Vigilance is always required

 E

     
124 When is a MAYDAY distress call made?

A

    When there is immediate danger to life (eg fire, engine failure)

B

    When an aircraft is lost

C

    When a potentially urgent situation has developed that ATC and/or other traffic needs to be alerted

D

     

 E

     
125 What is the general structure of a MAYDAY call?

A

    MAYDAY, MAYDAY, MAYDAY', callsign, position, nature of emergency, intentions

B

    'MAYDAY, MAYDAY, MAYDAY' and wait for ATC to respond

C

     

D

     

 E

     
126 When is a PAN-PAN urgency message used?

A

    When there is immediate danger to life

B

    When there is an urgent situation (eg gear failure, rough running engine, passenger heart attack)

C

    When an aircraft is lost in VMC conditions

D

     

 E

     
127 What frequency should you transmit a PAN,PAN,PAN call on?

A

    A 121.5MHz

B

    What ever frequency you are on

C

    Whatever frequency you are on, and if no response 121.5MHz

D

    Whatever frequency you are on, and if no response, another you think is being monitored ,or 121.5Mhz

 E

     
128 Your PAN,PAN,PAN call has not been acknowledged ,you should...

A

    Keep calling

B

    Change to another active frequency or 121.5 and try again

C

    Stop transmitting as you are blocking a possible reply

D

    Wait a while and try again

 E

     
129 You are taxiing your aircraft and get a steady green signal from the tower. What does it mean?

A

    Cleared to land

B

    Cleared to take-off

C

    Cleared to taxi

D

    Return to starting point on aerodrome

 E

     
130 You are taxiing your aircraft and get a flashing green signal from the tower. What does it mean?

A

    Cleared to land

B

    Cleared to take-off

C

    Cleared to taxi

D

    Return to starting point on aerodrome

 E

     
131 You are taxiing your aircraft and get a steady red signal from the tower. What does it mean?

A

    Stop

B

    Taxi clear of landing area

C

    Cleared to taxi

D

    Return to starting point on aerodrome

 E

     
132 You are taxiing your aircraft and get a flashing red signal from the tower. What does it mean?

A

    Stop

B

    Taxi clear of landing area

C

    Cleared to taxi

D

    Return to starting point on aerodrome

 E

     
133 You are taxiing your aircraft and get a flashing white signal from the tower. What does it mean?

A

    Stop

B

    Taxi clear of landing area

C

    Cleared to taxi

D

    Return to starting point on aerodrome

 E

     
134 You are flying your aircraft and get a steady green signal from the tower. What does it mean?

A

    Cleared to land

B

    Cleared to take-off

C

    Continue circling

D

    Land and proceed to apron

 E

     
135 You are flying your aircraft and get a flashing green signal from the tower. What does it mean?

A

    Cleared to land

B

    Return for landing

C

    Continue circling

D

    Land and proceed to apron

 E

     
136 You are flying your aircraft and get a steady red signal from the tower. What does it mean?

A

    Stop

B

    Aerodrome unsafe- Do not land

C

    Cleared to land

D

    Give way to aircraft and continue circling

 E

     
137 You are flying your aircraft and get a flashing red signal from the tower. What does it mean?

A

    Stop

B

    Aerodrome unsafe- Do not land

C

    Cleared to land

D

    Give way to aircraft and continue circling

 E

     
138 You are flying your aircraft and get a flashing white signal from the tower. What does it mean?

A

    Stop

B

    Land and proceed to apron

C

    Cleared to land

D

    Give way to aircraft and continue circling

 E

     
139 How do you acknowledge a visual signal from the tower?

A

    Rock wings in flight, move control surfaces on the ground

B

    Rock wings in flight or on the ground

C

    Thumbs up out the window

D

    Say 'Roger' on the RTF.

 E

     
140 In the case of radio failure where you can receive, but only transmit carrier, how do you respond for YES?

A

    1 click of the PTT

B

    2 clicks of the PTT

C

    3 clicks of the PTT

D

    one long press of the PTT

 E

     
141 In the case of radio failure where you can receive, but only transmit carrier, how do you respond for NO?

A

    1 clicks of the PTT

B

    2 clicks of the PTT

C

    3 clicks of the PTT

D

    one long press of the PTT

 E

     
142 In the case of radio failure where you can receive, but only transmit carrier, how do you respond for SAY AGAIN?

A

    1 click of the PTT

B

    2 clicks of the PTT

C

    3 clicks of the PTT

D

    one long press of the PTT

 E

     
143 In the case of radio failure where you can receive, but only transmit carrier, how do you respond for AT NOMINATED POSITION?

A

    1 clicks of the PTT

B

    2 clicks of the PTT

C

    3 clicks of the PTT

D

    4 clicks of the PTT

 E

     
144 What frequencies does a 406 MHz ELT/PLB transmit on?

A

    121.5 MHz

B

    406 MHz

C

    Both 121.5 MHz and 406 MHz

D

    7700 MHz

 E

     
145 How can you check at shutdown for inadvertent activation of your 406MHz ELT/PLB?

A

    Listen on 406 MHz on your VHF radio

B

    Listen on 121.5 MHz on your VHF radio

C

    Check your ELT/PLB activation indicator

D

    B or C above

 E

     
146 Under what conditions must an ELB/ELT beacon be carried on a microlight aircraft?

A

    All flights with a passenger

B

    All flights further than 10NM from take-off

C

    All flights over water

D

    all of the above

 E

     
147 What are the minimum requirements for the type of emergency beacon that a microlight aircraft must carry?

A

    An ELT permanently fitted to the airframe with automatic activation

B

    An ELT permanently fitted to the airframe with manual activation

C

    A portable manually deployed PLB beacon with integrated GPS

D

    A portable manually deployed PLB beacon without integrated GPS

 E

     
148 How can a PLB be activated?

A

    By impact or shock to the beacon

B

    By pressing the remote activation button

C

    By pressing the activation button.

D

    By extending the antenna and/or holding the activation button down, depending on the PLB

 E

     
149 What conditions can cause an automatic ELT to be activated?

A

    A hard landing

B

    Impact from heavy items in the cabin

C

    A crash

D

    Any of the above

 E

     
150 You have made a safe forced landing in a rough paddock. What checks should you make of your ELT?

A

    Turn it on.

B

    Turn it off.

C

    Check if it is transmitting, turn it off, and call ATC or the Rescue Coordination Centre to cancel

D

     

 E

     
151 You have made a forced landing, are injured and require assistance. What checks should you make of your ELT/PLB?

A

    If it is a fitted ELT, check it is activated and if necessary manually activate it

B

    If it is a portable PLB, extend the antenna and manually activate it

C

    C No action is necessary, as they are automatically activated.

D

    A or B as appropriate

 E

     
152 When may you test an ELT?

A

    last 5 minutes before the hour

B

    first 5 minutes after the hour

C

    5 minutes before the hour in a signal shielded place

D

    any time as long as you inform ATC

 E

     
153 It is a good idea to check your ELT/PLB before shutdown. To do this...

A

    Turn on the ELT and if nothing is heard turn it off

B

    Select 119.1 on your VHF radio and listen for an ELT signal

C

    Select 121.5 on VHF radio and listen for a ELT signal

D

    Select 406.0 on your VHF radio and listen for an ELT signal

 E

     
154 What is the usual frequency for unattended aerodromes not in a CFZ?

A

    123.45

B

    118.1

C

    119.1

D

    There is none

 E